Dr. Mikovitz’s Background… Dr. Judy Mikovitz was awarded a Bachelor of Science degree in Chemistry with a specialization in biology at the University of Virginia in 1980. After graduation she went to the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland where she developed purification methods for Interferon alpha. In 1986–1987, she started working at Upjohn Pharmaceuticals in Kalamazoo, Michigan in order to develop production methods to ensure biological materials manufactured using human blood products were free of contamination from HIV-1. In 1992 she completed a joint PhD program in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at George Washington University. Because of her previous work experience, her PhD thesis was titled “Negative Regulation of HIV Expression in Monocytes” She was a Postdoctoral Scholar in Molecular Virology at the Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, National Cancer Institute under Dr. David Derse. Dr. Mikovitz’s Early Career… Mikovits worked for Francis “Frank” Ruscetti at the National Cancer Institute in Maryland during the 1980s. She remained in his lab as a postdoctoral researcher. Her work with Ruscetti included studies of several retroviruses and their interactions with the immune system.